Discrimination Faced by The Blacks and Women in America

Posted: November 04, 2016

“From wealth and poverty by George Gilder and “The American promise: Special Message to the Congress” by Lyndon B. Johnson are documents that were chosen because they  bring out the discrimination the blacks are being subjected to due to their social class, race, skin color and gender in America. According to George Gilder the world is run by the rich who are the capitalists and the poor will always be poor. He also looks into the discrimination that the women are being subjected to. Men are the only people who should get good jobs and paid well. Women are seen to be segregated. Being an economist, George Gilder believes that the economy belongs to the capitalists and they are the ones who invest their capital in terms of the creation of job opportunities thus the poor are exploited by the rich as they are expected to work so hard in order to improve their living standards. In this case the poor are mostly the blacks. According to Lyndon B. Johnson he believes that all the human beings are equal before the eyes of God and they should be treated with dignity. He believes that each and every person has a right to democracy. He is against the discrimination of Negroes in his speech to the Congress. This is a speech that even the president reacted to. He was calling upon every citizen in America to do away with discrimination especially the whites.

Introduction of the first document

From wealth and poverty brings out the fact that the only route dependable on the alienation of poverty is through faith, family and work. George Glider’s first principle for the poor is that they have to work extra harder than the other classes who are above them. The current white poor people refuse to work even harder to improve their standards of living. The poor substantially work less, for few hours and earn less compared to their education, age and other credentials. Leisure is chosen by the poor not because of weakness of their morals but because they are remunerated to do so. Upward mobility’s second principle is the family and monogamous marriage maintenance. Amending discrimination against the women and responsibilities of child care clearly indicates that married men work more compared to the married women and even twice harder compared to female heads of families. The married men work effort increases depending on their job experience, age, credentials, age, birth of children and education while the married women’s work effort declines steadily. In judging the outcome of marriage, husbands work harder by 50% more than the bachelors of equal skills education and age. Family is the key to poverty reduction. A family headed by a woman is less likely to raise its income even though the woman is highly trained and educated and she employs a domestic help. These differences alone of sexuality which are evident in all societies which are known to anthropology state that the important priority of a program that is aimed at fighting poverty is to up hold the role of men in destitute families.

Introduction of the second document

Lyndon B. Johnson was a congressman to the U.S congress in 1965. He was against the discrimination the blacks were subjected to especially concerning their voting rights. He was strongly opposed to the bloody Selma, Alabama protests which saw a lot of people being killed especially the blacks. Being Americans, the blacks were fighting for their rights to be accorded to them when they were protesting but instead they ended up being assaulted and killed and still their rights were not granted to them.  He believed that even Negroes belonged to the American nation. Since the American country according to Lyndon he affirmed that it was the only country in the world that had been established due to a purpose. To him, discrimination against the blacks was an outdated culture that had to be done away with. He wanted the Africans to enjoy their right to elect their leaders, educate their children, be able to provide for their families and have their full freedom. Discrimination that was rampant due to one’s place of birth, religion, race or color was a great injustice subjected on the blacks. This act was a dishonor for the freedom fighters who died fighting against this vice. The Negroes were not allowed to vote. When they went to register they could be told they were late, office in charge was absent or the day was wrong. Others did not qualify since they didn’t spell their middle names properly. White skin was the only pass for to be allowed to vote. Most blacks were uneducated, stark in poverty and feared for their lives. After making this heartfelt speech to the congress it saw President Reagan to ensure that the rights of Negroes were accorded.

Thesis

This essay is aimed at exploring the different levels and types of discrimination especially the blacks and women are subjected to as illustrated by George Gilder in his book and in the speech of Lyndon B. Johnson to the Congress.

Conclusion

Both George and Lyndon can be said to be die hard activists who fought for equality. According to George he believed that the only way for the poor people to live comfortably was by working extra harder and each family needed a man to be able to eradicate poverty. Lyndon believed that all the American citizens were equal.

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